The twenty-first century has seen an unheard-of environmental change as a result of human economic activity growing at an increasing rate and population increase that is happening quickly. The effects of these changes on the earth’s climate and life support systems are unprecedented. The way humans use the earth’s natural resources puts future generations at risk of serious harm. One of the most crucial tools for contemporary environmental conservation and sustainable development is environmental ethics. Many people, meanwhile, in both developed and developing nations, are unaware of its significance. To achieve sustainable development for both the present and the future, it is essential for everyone to uphold environmental ethics. The only option to prevent the earth and our ecosystem from further deterioration is in this direction.
Sustainable development is defined as follows by the World Commission on Environment and Development: “Growth that satisfies existing wants while without impairing the capacity of future generations to satiate their own needs.” The pursuit of quality of life must be compatible with a corresponding equality of life for everybody, including, according to this premise upcoming generation. This idea appears to safeguard the environment and the next generation. This principle states that as natural resources are vital to all human life, both now and in the indefinite future, we have a responsibility to protect them. Here, the moral relevance focuses more on our obligations to nature as a whole and to other species as a result of our moral duties to present and future generations. There are 17 goals under the Sustainable Development Goals are as mentioned below:
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
- Ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all stages
- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Built resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation
- Reduce inequalities within and among countries
- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production pattern
- Take urgent actions to combat climate change and its impact
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably managed forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development
According to the UN, The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the world’s shared plan to end severe poverty, reduce inequality, and protect the planet by 2030.
The four objectives of sustainable development are :
• Stable economic growth- The eradication of poverty and hunger to ensuring a healthy life.
• Conservation of natural resources – Achieve universal access to basic services such as water, sanitation, and sustainable energy.
• Social progress and equality – Reduce inequalities in the world, especially gender inequalities. Supporting the generation by the development of opportunities through inclusive education and decent work. Foster innovation and resilient infrastructures by creating communities and cities capable of producing and consuming sustainably.
• Environmental protection – Caring for the environment by combating climate change and protecting oceans and terrestrial ecosystems.
With India being World’s youngest country its youth needs to be engaged in early and action to create and sustain a long-term momentum that can help the country see its targets through and drive Sustainable development goals action. In order to obtain affordable energy-saving solutions, it is our responsibility as consumers to open the market to innovative and sustainable products. Reduce deforestation, encourage afforestation, and achieve carbon neutrality for the environment. Limiting the use of renewable resources and replacing them with non-renewable ones is a good idea. It implies that the extraction rate must not be higher than the regeneration rate. Without initially taking care of the environment, which consists of the land, forests, and oceans, we cannot have adequate employment, economic growth, or food security. We can make the world a more prosperous place for everyone if we can all work together to achieve these 17 Sustainable Development Goals. If all these steps are taken then our future generations are definitely not going to get suffered or starved for anything.