Despite accounting for about 65 percent of all employment in India, the agriculture industry only contributes roughly 18 percent of the country’s GDP. India’s agriculture relies heavily on the natural world, yet concerns with the climate and global warming make farming uncertain. Teaching farmers how to employ cutting-edge technology and creative strategies to boost production and profitability is urgently needed. Over time, it has been apparent that agricultural development practices use up natural resources more quickly than they can be replenished. The “natural” carrying capacity of the land is under strain to meet the demand for food and shelter brought on by the exponential expansion in the human population. Pollution, degraded soil, declining wildlife populations, and changes to flora and fauna brought on by humans are all signs of natural imbalance. It is reasonable to predict that the agri-ecosystem will be subject to increased demands due to the ongoing growth of the human population. As a result, technology has played a significant role in agricultural and sustainable development and will continue to do so.
With the development of digital technology, the use of technology in farming and agricultural operations has widened. A change in agricultural techniques is being driven by innovation, which lowers costs and boosts productivity. Farmers are benefiting from this. Pest resistance and higher agricultural yields are products of biotechnology and genetic engineering. Tilling, harvesting, and physical work have all become more efficient as a result of mechanization. Improvements in transportation and irrigation systems decreased waste from processing machinery, and other factors are all clearly obvious. Currently, crops can be grown in places where it was previously believed they couldn’t, but this is only feasible because of agricultural biotechnology.
There are several ways that technology can benefit agriculture, including by-
Stops soil deterioration.
Reduces the use of chemicals in agricultural cultivation
effectively utilizes water resources.
Spreads cutting-edge farming techniques to increase output quality, quantity, and profitability.
Affects farmers’ socioeconomic standing.
Following are a few examples of how technology has changed agriculture:
- Increased production as a result of agricultural mechanization
2. Artificial intelligence for predicting the climate and/or weather
3. Farmers’ sensors
4. Increasing farm outputs and using supply chain management Huge Data
5. livestock surveillance
The 21st century is known for its usage of technology. India has a fantastic potential to benefit from its position as an IT powerhouse and modernize the farming industry as the world moves toward quantum computing, AI, big data, and other emerging technologies. The green revolution increased agricultural output, but the IT revolution in Indian agriculture must be the next significant development. Agriculture technology has the ability to make India genuinely “Atmanirbhar Bharat” in every way and less reliant on outside sources.